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BS"D

Hebrew 101: Lesson 5

The new letters required for this lesson are:



ע Ayin (ah-yeen), considered to be silent, as few outside of native Israelis can pronounce the gulping sound of this letter. In times past, others have transliterated this as the G in Gaza, however it is not really a G sound either. For purposes of this class, we will consider it to be a silent, as most books do so.

ט Tet (teht), pronounced like 't' as in table.


ח
_
Chet/het (Cheht), it makes the 'ch' sound found in 'loch' or 'bach'. We have had this letter before. At the end of the word, with the _ under it, it is pronounced 'ach'

ב Vet (veht) it is pronounced like the 'v' in victory. Notice that it has NO dagesh (dot) inside the letter, this differentiates it from the Bet (Beht) and makes it have a softer sound.

Reminder: A dagesh in Bet, Kaf, or Pay hardens the sound.

י Yud, is pronounced like the 'Y' in 'yes' and is shaped a bit like a bent hand. In fact, the yud developed from a picture of a bent hand, and yahd = hand in Hebrew.


The vowels required for this lesson are:



י..
This vowel is really a tsereh (eh sound) followed by a yud. It is pronounced like they ay as in pay and day. Since we represent the tsereh with ~ on line, this vowel will be represented as י~ on line.


Vocabulary for this lesson--part A:

דמול
 ~
Lomed. Pronounced Lohmehd and transliterated as lomed, it means study, learn (m.s).

םידמול
  .:

Lomdim. Pronounced lohm-deem and transliterated lomdim, it means study, learn (m.pl).

תירבע
  .:.

Prounounced Eev-reet and transliterated ivrit, (f) It means Hebrew (the language mostly) and is a feminine noun. Remember, this means feminine adjectives would be used with the word.

הטיסרבנוא
 T .:V.

Prounounce Oo-nee-vehr-see-tah, and transliterated universita, it mean university and is a feminine noun. It is a foreign loan-word to the Hebrew language.

םילשורי
 ._T  :

Pronounced Yehr-roo-shah-lah-yeem and transliterated Yerushalayim, it is the true name of what in English is called Jerusalem.

םילשוריב
 ._T   .

It means In Jerusalem and is transliterated as Birushalayim. It is pronounced bee-roo-shah-lah-yeem.

בתוכ
 ~

Pronounced Kohtehv and transliterated kotev. The dagesh in the first letter makes it a kaf Kotev (m.s.) is the verb meaning write in the masculine singular form.

םיבתוכ
  .:

Pronounced Kohtveeym and transliterated kotvim, it means write (m. pl). The kaf has a dagesh in it

לע
 _

Pronounced ahl and transliterated al, it means 'on', 'about'

Note: for this next one, a chet at the end with a _ under it is pronounced 'ach' instead of cha as one would expect. It is a reading rule that you need to remember.
חול
_

Pronounced loo-ach and transliterated luach, it means chalkboard and is a masculine noun.


Vocabulary for this lesson--part B:

הנה
 ~.
Pronounced Hee-neh and transliterated as henai, it means: Here is, behold.

בלכ
 VV
There is a dagesh in the first letter, making it a kaf. Pronounced Keh-lehv and transliterated as Kelev, it means: dog (masc. sing.).

הפי
 VT
No dagesh in the second letter, thus it is a fay. Pronounced Yahfeh and transliterated as yafeh, it means: nice, pretty (m. sing.)

בשiי בשוי
בשוי
 ~
No dagesh in the last letter, making it a vet. Pronounced Yoh-shev and transliterated as yoshev, it means: sit (m.s.) it is a verb

םיבשiי םיבשוי
םיבשוי
 .:
No dagesh in the middle letter, making it a vet. Pronounced Yohsh-veem and transliterated as yoshvim, it means: sit (m.pl.) it is a verb

רבדמ
 ~_:
There is a dagesh in second to last letter, making it a bet. Pronounced Mihdahber and transliterated as medaber, it means: speak (m. sing) it is a verb

םירבדמ
  .~_:
There is a dagesh in middle etter, making it a bet. Pronounced Mihdahbreem and transliterated as medabrim, it means: speak (m. pl) it is a verb


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